TUKLAS Innovation Labs aims to contribute to the ongoing discourse on humanitarian innovations, on doing development differently through exploring innovation programming. What does innovating with, by, and for the community look like? How do we scale humanitarian innovations? What are the elements of lab support which could lead to scalable solutions? Is it more effective to support ideas or support people to be innovators? The TUKLAS Innovation Labs hopes to weigh in. This is seen as an exciting opportunity to both impact disaster-prone communities and identify new models of innovation in the humanitarian and development sector. As the human-centered design and design sprint enthusiasts may be familiar with, the TUKLAS Innovation Labs has been running a design challenge ever since we started:

How might we design a process that allows affected communities harness their own experience and knowledge and turn it into scalable solutions towards disaster preparedness?

Inspired by the learning visit with Mahali Lab last June 2018 and the realizations of the team came the birth of TUKLAS Community Design Sprint.  It aims to identify and support people from the community to come up with concept to user-tested prototypes within weeks, all while learning to make decisions based on actual data, using accelerated cycles for developing ideas, and connecting with the community and iterating based on feedback. As the name implies, it gives emphasis on being agile, on being able to produce outputs on a short period of time while still upholding the TUKLAS core themes- community engagement, human-centered design, and disaster preparedness. Another unique element of the Design Sprint is timeboxing, which according to Banfield, Lombardo, and Wax (2016)(1), give the sprinters “a way to eliminate distractions, focus their full attention, and get tangible results in short time frames.”

This is the TUKLAS team’s another attempt to address the design challenge, our How Might We.

 

See more TUKLAS Community Design Sprint pictures here.

Know more about the TUKLAS Community Design Sprint process.

You may also check out our reflections from the process here.

Outputs and Prototypes

Team Name: Cagayan      |       Prototype: Life Belt

In times of flood in Barangay Tatalon, residents found themselves stuck in their homes. There is always the problem of speedy rescue because of the narrow streets. The residents had been creative, designing different floatation instruments so they could still move around to reach the evacuation area. Children and youth make money from using styro foams as transport service during these times. But these “transport service” will not always fit some of the narrow streets of Tatalon. On top of that is the solid waste problem which clogs the waterways.

In this six-week design sprint, the community of Tatalon and Team Cagayan envisioned a disaster-prepared community through being creative in their solid waste management. Out of discarded pet bottles came the idea of having a life-saving equipment per household.

The life belt is a do-it-yourself floatation device that looks like a bandeau, with around fourteen 500ml discarded pet bottles sewn around a cloth, with a cotton rope to close the bandeau, and a 1-liter used pet bottle for the head rest.

But their idea is not just about the floatation device. Their vision is to have every household member should be capable of doing their own lifebelts. For the pilot batch, the team plans to get 40 representatives from the flood prone areas in Tatalon- Puroks 1, 3, 5, and 6. The composition should include five families per Purok, with maximum of two members per family.

As part of their package, the team, in partnership with the Barangay Local Government Unit will convene these 40 participants into a two-day training. First day of the training will focus on producing the lifebelt. The participants will be asked to bring 14 or so (depending on the size of the user) 500ml used pet bottles, one 1-liter used pet bottle, and cloths that can be typically found in their homes (like curtains, blanket, umbrella fabric, etc.). The sewing kit and the cotton rope will be provided in the training. The first day of the training aims to teach the participants the skills on basic sewing so that by the end of the day, they would be able to produce the lifebelt that is tailor-fitted to their size.

Day 2 will focus on quality assurance. The whole day will dwell on preparing the participants on how to use the lifebelt through demonstrations. The training will also have practical tests to see if their lifebelt are really working as intended.

In the long run, the team will also like to produce IEC materials such as leaflets and manuals to complement their trainings.

Team Name: Leyte      |       Prototype: Share8

There have been trainings given to communities about basic disaster risk reduction skills. But these are often intended for public officials only. In the six-week design sprint, Team Leyte noted that there are residents of Barangay Tatalon who do not know what to do in times of disaster. There are some, on the other hand, who are very much adept and more than willing to share their knowledge on DRR. These encounters from the people of Tatalon triggered a vision, and that is to make disaster risk reduction and management skills accessible to everyone, so that no one is left behind.

The Share 8 is a community skills transfer strategy that aims to strengthen the capacities of the community towards disaster resiliency. What sets Share 8 different is that the training modules will be from and for the communities of Tatalon.

For the pilot batch:

  1. HIRE CONSULTANTS: They will be looking for consultants who are skilled in conducting DRR, Life-Saving Skills, and Leadership Trainings. But there should be an expectation that the modules that they will be using will be co-designed by the participants from the community through Share 8.
  2. SELECTION PROCESS: With endorsement from the Barangay Local Government Units, they will ask to have 25 representatives coming from different peoples organizations. The composition should include 5 representatives from the youth organization, 5 from the persons with disabilities association, 5 from the women’s association, 5 from the men’s association, and 5 from the senior citizen’s association. The organizations which will be in-charge of nominating their respective participants. There is also an expectation that only ten, i.e. 2 for each organization, from the 25 will be recognized as official Share8 trainers after the series of trainings. A monitoring and evaluation tool will be designed by Share8.
  3. TRAINING NEEDS ANALYSIS: Before the actual training, the selected 25 participants will be asked to answer Training Needs Analysis questions and Knowledge, Skills, and Attitude Assessments. Results will be given to the consult to influence the training design.
  4. TRAININGS: The three-tier trainings include:
  5. Leadership training (~1 day)

This training aims to produce leaders who are passionate, good listeners, fair and just, to name a few. A monitoring and evaluation tool will be designed by Share8.

  1. Basic DRR training (~1 day)
  2. First Aid and Survival training (~1 day)

What sets this training apart from other Survival Trainings is that it recognizes the strengths and weaknesses of everyone. It sees to it that the weak points are taken into consideration, and that the strengths enhanced. These are used to identify and affirm their respective roles in disaster risk reduction and management. The goal is for everyone to have a role regardless of sector that no one should be left behind.

  1. GRAUATION AND SELECTION: Based on the monitoring and evaluation tool designed by Share8, they will identify qualified trainers. These trainers are expected to transfer their learning in their monthly meetings in their respective organizations
  2. EVALUATION: The Share8 will conduct interviews (random sampling) to assess the effectiveness of the training, the trainer, and the skills transfer.

In the long run, the Share8 will do away the Step 1 (Hiring of consultants) as the graduates will be expected to train the next batch of Share 8 participants.

Team Name: Zambalon (Zambales + Brgy. Tatalon)      |       Prototype: Purok Emergency Response Team (PERT)

From the experience of the community of Tatalon came this idea to address the slow emergency rescue issue. The Purok Emergency Response Team aims to complement the existing initiative of the Barangay Local Government Units Emergency Response Team.

As the structure will be under the BLGU, they will be asking for 5-10 representatives per purok. These representatives will undergo a series of trainings which will include Basic Life Support Training, Basic Health Care, and Capability trainings which will include Basic DRR trainings, Leadership Trainings, and Organizational Trainings.

After the month-long trainings, the PERT will be ready for deployment and will be activated in times of (a) accidents (health-related); (b) man-made disasters (fire, conflict); and (c) natural disasters (i.e. typhoon, earthquake).

The PERT is the first responders, with a primary role to support, rescue, and/or pacify the situation while waiting for the rest of the BLGU Emergency Response Team and/or other authorized institutions.

The PERT will have yearly “booster trainings” to keep their skills updated.

The structure will be patterned to the existing “Crime Watch team,” a group of volunteers per purok which is in-charge of patrolling the streets of Tatalon during the night. They are volunteers and are only activated as per need. Same goes to the PERT, it will be composed of volunteers and will report under the purok leader.